Sedona (pronounced /səˈdo.nə/) is a city and community that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 11,220.
One of Sedona's main attractions is its stunning array of red sandstone formations, the Red Rocks of Sedona. The formations appear to glow in brilliant orange and red when illuminated by the rising or setting sun. The Red Rocks form a breathtaking backdrop for everything from spiritual pursuits to the myriad of incredible hiking and mountain biking trails. Among the rock formations is one that closely resembles the character "Snoopy" (from the popular Peanuts comic strip) lying on top of his doghouse. Another nearby rock is said to resemble "Lucy", also from Peanuts.
There are several events that are hosted annually in the Sedona area, including:
Sedona International Film Festival on February 28 to March 4, 2007.
Sedona Marathon will take place on Saturday February 10, 2007.
Sedona's renowned Jazz on the Rocks festival at Radisson Poco Diablo on September 21 to September 24, 2006.
Statue of Sedona Schnebly outside the Sedona Public LibraryPolitically, Uptown Sedona (the part in Coconino County) and West Sedona (the Yavapai County portion) form the City of Sedona. Originally founded in 1902, the town was incorporated into a city in January 1988. The Village of Oak Creek, despite its location seven miles to the south and outside Sedona city limits, is a significant part of the community.
Sedona is named after Sedona Miller Schnebly (1877–1950), the wife of the city's first postmaster, who was celebrated for her hospitality and industriousness.
Panoramic view of the immediate Sedona area, covering an angle of view of approximately 90 degrees. The line of bare (deciduous) trees at center left marks the course of Oak Creek.
Panoramic north view of Sedona from Airport Mesa. Visible in the center is Greyback, also called Thunder Mountain, and Coffeepot to the right.
Sedona is located at 34°51′36″N, 111°47′21″W (34.859897, -111.789199),GR1 which is in the Upper Sonoran Desert of northern Arizona. At an elevation of 4,500 feet (1,372 m), Sedona has mild winters and summers that are often described as being, "not as hot as Phoenix."
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.2 km² (18.6 mi²), all land.
The famous red rocks of Sedona are formed by a layer of rock known as the Schnebly Hill Formation. The Schnebly Hill Formation is a thick layer of red to orange-colored sandstone found only in the Sedona vicinity. The sandstone is thought to have been deposited during the Permian period.
Courthouse Butte near Sedona, ArizonaAs of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 10,192 people, 4,928 households, and 2,863 families residing in the city. The population density was 211.6/km² (548.0/mi²). There were 5,684 housing units at an average density of 118.0/km² (305.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.17% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.29% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. 8.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Sinkhole called The Devil's Kitchen in Soldier's Pass. The giant rock in the center is called The Grand Piano.There were 4,928 households out of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.52.
In the city the population was spread out with 13.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 35.0% from 45 to 64, and 25.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,042, and the median income for a family was $52,659. Males had a median income of $32,067 versus $24,453 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,350. About 4.7% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
The Brins fire of 2006.Many of Hollywood's classic westerns were filmed in or near Sedona. The red rock buttes and desert landscape provided a striking setting for these films. Most notably is 1950’s Broken Arrow, starring James Stewart. A number of its shooting locations can still be visited via off-road trails.
On June 18, 2006, a wildfire reportedly started by campers began about one mile north of Sedona. The so-called "Brins Fire" covered 4,317 acres on Brins Mesa, Wilson Mountain and in Oak Creek Canyon before the USDA Forest Service declared it 100% contained as of 6 p.m. on June 28. Containment cost was estimated at $6,400,000.
The McDonald's in Sedona, Arizona is the only one in the world with turquoise arches. They are not yellow because the city said they would look horrid along with the red rocks and demanded another color, the first one McDonalds offered was turquoise and was immediately accepted.Sedona is home to several large arts organizations in northern Arizona.
The Sedona Arts Center, founded in 1958, is the oldest arts center in northern Arizona.
The Sedona Jazz on the Rocks festival, founded in 1982, takes place annually at Radisson Poco Diablo Resort and other locations over four days in September.
Sedona International Film Festival & Workshop was established in 1995. The weeklong annual festival takes place in late February and early March at Harkins Theatres while supplemental events take place at area resorts. The festival also hosts monthly events.
GumptionFest, established in 2006 by GumptionFest Artistic Support Foundation Executive Director Dylan Jung, is a grassroots, local art street festival takes place the first weekend of June.
NORAZ Poets, founded in 2003, a nonprofit poetry network based in Sedona.
Sedona has also inspired the following songs and albums:
Sedona is mentioned in the Pixies song, "Havalina," the last song on their album, "Bossanova." The lyrics are: "Walking in the breeze / On the plains of old Sedona / Arizona / Among the trees."
The Electro group Dynamix II released a single by the name of Sedona.
Aerosmith recorded a song called "Sedona Sunrise" released on their 2006 compilation Devil's Got a New Disguise. The lyrics and laidback tone of the song were apparently inspired by the songwriters' visit to Sedona.
Sedona is the home of German-born renowned guitarist Ralf Illenberger; one of his albums is named "Sedona".
Inspired by the gorgeous rock formations surrounding the town, music composer Steven Reineke wrote a piece which he named "Sedona."
In Jamie O'Neal's love ballad, "There Is No Arizona", Jamie belts out the name Sedona in the chorus, "There is no Arizona. No painted desert, no Sedona."
Sedona is served by the Sedona-Oak Creek Unified School District.
Sedona Red Rock High School (SRRHS), is located near the edge of town in West Sedona. The school's mascot is the Scorpion. The high school's new campus, a series of single story buildings, is located opposite the Sedona campus of Yavapai College, in West Sedona.
Yavapai College's Sedona Center for Arts & Technology includes the Zaki Gordon Institute for Independent Filmmaking, the Business Partnership Program, the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, and the University of Arizona Mini Med School.
Verde Valley School, a boarding/preparatory high school with many international students, is located between the Village of Oak Creek and Red Rock Crossing.
Cairns signify a vortex.There is a specialized New Age tourist industry in Sedona, where the "Harmonic Convergence" was organized by Jose Arguelles in 1987. Some purported "spiritual vortices" are said to be concentrated in the Sedona area at Bell Rock, Airport Mesa, Cathedral Rock, Boynton Canyon, and Schnebly Hill.
The city is known regionally for its unique subculture of artists, musicians, transients and locally-known minor celebrities, some of whom display odd behavior, such as "the Samurai," who was often seen standing along the highway posing with a katana; "the Waver," who formerly waved at traffic from early morning until sunset; and last but not least, "the Flipper" (possibly named Mary), who walked the streets and gave the one fingered salute - or flipped the bird to passers-by;
Max Ernst (1881-1976), the German Dadaist and surrealist artist, lived in Sedona from 1948 to 1953 with his fourth wife, the artist Dorothea Tanning.
Israel Regardie, former secretary and friend of Aleister Crowley and member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn died in Sedona in 1985.
Tool frontman, Maynard James Keenan, lives in Jerome, 20 miles outside Sedona. He is a partner in a Merkin Vineyards winery in Page Springs, near Sedona.
Village of Oak Creek, Arizona
Bell Rock, in the Village of Oak CreekBig Park is a census-designated place (CDP) in
Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 5,245 at the 2000 census.
Big Park is more commonly known as the Village of Oak Creek (VOC), and is a bedroom
community for Sedona, Arizona. Tourism and service to retirees and second-home owners
are the basis for the local economy. Big Park, the pioneers' name for the large open area
that became the Village of Oak Creek in the early 1960s, is set among scenic red-rock buttes and canyons. The Bell Rock scenic area adjoins the north end of VOC, and the town is surrounded by the Coconino National Forest. A Forest Service Visitor Center is located at the south end of VOC.
Big Park's FIPS code is 07570. Residents of VOC have a Sedona ZIP code, 86531.
Big Park is located at 34°46′59″N, 111°45′40″W (34.783149, -111.761017)GR1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.8 km² (4.6 mi²), all land.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 5,245 people, 2,560 households, and 1,602 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 446.1/km² (1,154.1/mi²). There were 3,117 housing units at an average density of 265.1/km² (685.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.56% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 6.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,560 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.44.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 12.7% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 17.7% from 25 to 44, 33.0% from 45 to 64, and 33.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,477, and the median income for a family was $46,268. Males had a median income of $38,007 versus $24,826 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $30,026. About 5.8% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.
The Verde Valley Music Festival is held on the first weekend of each October at the Verde Valley School, just west of VOC. The Festival is a fundraiser for Native American scholarships at VVS, and has long benefitted from the sponsorship and generosity of Jackson Browne, whose sun attended the school. Normally a mostly-acoustical show, past headliners include Browne (who almost always performs), Neil Young, and Bruce Cockburn. Source:
The Village of Oak Creek is served by the Sedona-Oak Creek Unified School District, and hosts the Big Park Community School (K-8), "Home of the Coyotes".
Verde Valley School, a boarding/preparatory high school with many international and Native American students, is located between the Village of Oak Creek and Red Rock Crossing. VVS was founded in 1946 by Hamilton "Ham" Warren. Distinguished scholars who helped found the school and guide its early years included Harvard anthropologist Clyde Kluckhohn, Margaret Mead, and John Collier, Commissioner of Indian Affairs during Franklin Roosevelt's administration.
Sedona legend Helen Varner Vanderbilt Frye (1908-1979), who built the better-known House of Apache Fire (now part of Red Rock State Park) with her then-husband, TWA President Jack Frye, built another notable estate in the Village of Oak Creek, "Sky Fires", in what is now the Sedona Golf Resort. The house was badly damaged in a 1983 fire, and was later demolished.
Oak Creek Canyon, Arizona
Oak Creek CanyonOak Creek Canyon is a 12 mile (20 km) long river gorge located along the
Mogollon Rim in northern Arizona located between the cities of Flagstaff and Sedona.
The canyon is often described as a smaller cousin of the Grand Canyon because of its scenic
beauty. Arizona State Highway 89A enters the canyon on its north end via a series of hairpin turns before traversing the bottom of the canyon for about 13 miles (20.8 kilometers) until the highway enters the town of Sedona. The Oak Creek Canyon-Sedona area is the second most popular tourist destination in Arizona, second only to the Grand Canyo
Fall in Oak Creek CanyonOak Creek Canyon is about 12 miles (19.2 km) long and ranges in width from 0.8 to 2.5 miles (1.3 to 4 km). The depth of the canyon ranges from 800-2,000 feet (240 to 600 meters). However, due to the faulting that played a major role in the formation of Oak Creek Canyon, the west rim of the canyon is 700 feet (210 meters) higher than the east rim. The average elevation of the west rim is 7,200 feet (2,160 meters) while the east rim elevation is 6,500 feet (1,950 m)
Oak Creek, a tributary of the Verde River, flows along the bottom of the canyon and is one of the few perennial streams in the high desert region of northern Arizona. Oak Creek is largely responsible for carving the modern Oak Creek Canyon although movement along the Oak Creek Fault, a 30 mile (48 km) long north-south normal fault line, is thought to have played a role as well.
In June 2006, the southern portion of the canyon, near Slide Rock State Park, was affected by a 4,300 acre (17.4 square km) wildfire known as the "Brins Fire".
Geologic evidence suggests the formation of an ancestral Oak Creek Canyon along the Oak Creek Fault about eight to ten million years ago. The ancestral Oak Creek Canyon was then filled in by gravel deposits and a series of lava flows between six and eight mya during the Miocene epoch. About this time, the Oak Creek Fault became active again and the modern Oak Creek Canyon began to develop along the fault zone as a result of the erosional action of Oak Creek. The normal, down-to-the-east motion of the Oak Creek Fault during the most recent faulting period resulted in the west rim of the canyon being about 700 feet (210 meters) higher than the east rim.
The spectacularly eroded walls of the canyon are formed mostly of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks. Exposures of the Kaibab Limestone (the geologic formation found at the South Rim of the Grand Canyon) and the Toroweap Formation are found at the northern end of the canyon but not in the southern. The more predominant rock units exposed in the cliffs of southern Oak Creek Canyon are the buff to white colored, frequently cross-bedded Permian Coconino Sandstone and the red sandstones of the Permian Schnebly Hill Formation. Unlike all the other formations exposed in Oak Creek Canyon, the Schnebly Hill Formation is not exposed at the Grand Canyon. The youngest rocks exposed in the canyon are a series of basalt lava flows that form the east rim of the canyon. The youngest of these flows is an estimated 6 million years old.
Oak Creek Canyon is located within the Coconino National Forest. Portions of the canyon have been designated federal wilderness areas as part of the Red Rock-Secret Mountain Wilderness. The United States Forest Service operates several campgrounds, picnic areas, and recreation areas within the canyon. Slide Rock State Park, home to a natural water slide along Oak Creek, is also located within Oak Creek Canyon. Other recreational activities in the canyon include swimming and fishing in Oak Creek and hiking the many trails that lead into side canyons or up to the rim of the canyon. The trail leading the first 3 miles (4.8 km) up the West Fork of Oak Creek, a 14 mile (22.4 km) long narrow side canyon, is the most popular trail in the Coconino National Forest.